When the modern nation-state of Israel was created under UN General Assembly Resolution 181 the former British protectorate of Palestine was partitioned, similar to the partitioning of India and the creation of Pakistan, which resulted in the creation of the modern nation-state of Israel. The difference between the events in India and the events in Palestine was that a foreign ethnic entity was implanted, in internationally recognized state form, into a predominantly Arab region which caused displacement of large segments of the indigenous population. The creation of the Jewish state, made possible by an international Zionist movement, was not an isolated result from the events of World War II. The international Zionist network had long planned to establish a Jewish state, specifically aimed at the so-called holy land of the Torah, using international capital to purchase land in Palestine under Ottoman rule and later under British control. In addition to using international capital to purchase up tracts of land, Jewish settlers also were able to utilize international capital to import agricultural technology that Arab farmers in the region did not possess and could not match.
After World War II and the establishment of
the UN Security Council, two of the most powerful states, the United States and
Britain, stood as staunch supporters of a homeland for the Jewish people. The
Belfour declaration stands as one of the pre-Israel historical documents that
show such support. Zionist networks had worked hard to maintain Christian
political support in Britain and as Jewish and Zionist immigration into the
United States began to heavily increase, American political and economic support
for the new state of Israel also vastly increased. Constantly increasing
American economic and military aid to Israel since 1950 can be easily verified
and today Israel receives over 3 billion dollars each year from the United
States government in the form of foreign aid. Today, through western economic
and military support, the nation-state of Israel holds a military hegemon on the
Middle East region and is viewed by many as a nation-state above international
law. The treatment of the Palestinian people, from the blockade on Gaza to the
apartheid wall to illegal land confiscation and settlements, has often
instigated anti-American sentiments from the Arab world, due to American
support, and leaves the U.S. in a bad political light. In addition, when Israel
commits human rights violations and the international community brings forth
resolutions of condemnation before the United Nations, the United States uses
their UN Security Council veto to block any resolutions critical of Israel.
Israel has so much sway over the American government that the U.S. often finds
itself being lobbied into issuing international economic sanctions on
nation-states with ambitions for nuclear energy, under false accusations of
manufacturing weapons, while their ally Israel actually possesses nuclear
weapons, but has never signed the Non-Proliferation Treaty (Iran signed the NPT
How does the nation-state of Israel secure such blind
international support from the West? There are a few reasons. First, the western
nation-state powers are predominantly Christian. In addition, the masses of
those nation-states are uneducated and many have difficulty differentiating
between the biblical tribes of Israel and the modern nation-state government of
Israel. In addition, the Christian states are capitalist in nature and the
working masses have little time for researching facts or following Congressional
procedures. Second, the Western state governments are representative
democracies, which make government decision-making, foreign and domestic,
relatively easy for manipulation. In the case of United States legislation on
behalf of supporting Israel, this manipulation is achieved by the major Zionist
and Christian Zionist lobbying powers such as AIPAC (American Israeli Public
Affairs Committee) and CUFI (Christians United for Israel), and a plethora of
other lobbyist organizations, which lobby both Republican and Democratic seats
(votes). There is no other lobbyist network in Washington with such bi-partisan
influence and power.
The Zionists have always been highly skilled at
working within empires and states, from the Ottoman Empire through the British
Empire and now the United States, to achieve their political means, the top
objective being the creation and strengthening of the nation-state of Israel.
There are many different views of the nation-state of Israel, from people
viewing them as a staunch ally of the United States to the view that Israel is a
regional tyrant and a regional instigator (protected by the United States). I
personally view the one-way U.S.-Israeli relationship as a negative one that
further damages the image of the United States on the international stage.
Perhaps during the Cold War era Israel could have been considered a strategic
investment for the U.S., but the validation period for this argument is long
gone and the U.S. receives little to nothing in return from such sacrifices. The
United States has submerged itself heavily in debt and is currently forced to
make many domestic fiscal cuts, from budget cuts in the Department of Defense to
education and law enforcement, yet the annual billions of economic and military
welfare to Israel continues while Israel, a so-called U.S. ally, refuses to even
stop building illegal settlements when the U.S. Secretary of State visits (one
of many examples of Israel not listening to U.S. requests).
Israel Public Affairs Committee. What is AIPAC?. AIPAC, 1989.
Seymour M. The Samson option: Israel's nuclear arsenal and American foreign
policy. Vintage Books, 1993.
Kuziemko, Ilyana, and Eric Werker. "How
much is a seat on the Security Council worth? Foreign aid and bribery at the
United Nations." Journal of Political Economy 114, no. 5 (2006): 905-930.
Lesch, Ann Mosely. "Israeli Settlements in the Occupied Territories,
1967-1977." Journal of Palestine Studies 7, no. 1 (1977): 26-47.
Mearsheimer, John J., and Stephen M. Walt. "The Israel lobby and US
foreign policy." Middle East Policy 13, no. 3 (2006): 29-87.
Dedrick, and Farrah Hassen. "Christians United for Israel and Attacking Iran."
Foreign Policy in Focus (2008).
Öke, Mim Kemal. "The Ottoman Empire,
Zionism, and the Question of Palestine (1880–1908)." International Journal of
Middle East Studies 14, no. 03 (1982): 329-341.
Usher, Graham. "Unmaking
Palestine: On Israel, the Palestinians, and the Wall." Journal of Palestine
Studies 35, no. 1 (2005): 25-43.
Vereté, Mayir. "The Balfour Declaration
and its makers." Middle Eastern Studies 6, no. 1 (1970): 48-76.
I tend to view Zionism and Jewish networking, especially with the amount of
capital flowing across nation-state borders to build the Jewish presence in
Palestine from the decline of Ottoman control to the end of the British
protectorate, as the main nationalist force even though the course textbook
makes the statement that “the majority of the Jewish immigrants in the first
wave following the pogroms of 1881-1884 were not technically Zionists” (Smith,
29). The reason I state this view is because if the Jewish religion is based on
the concept of Jewish people being “chosen” and the promise (by God) of the
Promised Land (which is no rational way to conduct international political
decision making), how can this international ethnic network not be considered
Zionist in nature? Not only was Theodor Herzl a leading voice and organizer for
Jewish nationality, but wealthy Western Jews such as “Sir Moses Montefiore and
particularly Baron Edmond de Rothschild of the great banking family, who between
the 1883 and 1889 gave the settlers 1.6 million pounds sterling” funded land
purchasing and the import of agricultural technology to ensure settler success
The nation that was created, even though the Jewish nation
had always been a nation spanning across international borders, was coined by
Herzl as “Der Judenstaat (The State of the Jews)” with a message directed toward
“wealthy Jews in the West” with hopes “that those Jews would provide financial
assistance” to the establishment of a Jewish state (Smith, 31). The message was
well received. At the end of the 19th century, the World Zionist Organization
created its own bank “and in 1901 the Jewish National Fund was established for
the express purpose of purchasing and developing land for Jewish settlements in
Palestine. The fund played a major role in the acquisition of land that became
inalienably Jewish, never to be sold to or worked by non-Jews” (Smith,
Smith, C. D. (2010). Palestine and the Arab-Israeli conflict: A
history with documents, 7th ed. Palgrave Macmillan: New