The different forms of global governance models are world hierarchy, world authority, and world anarchy and world constitutionalism.
world hierarchy category, the text uses IGO relationship examples of Islamic
empires, Communism and Colonialism. The idea that Islamic governments are
unwilling to work well with non-Islamic governments should be dispelled by
looking at the UN General Assembly, and communist governments often receive most
favorite nation status from capitalist nations. Does the IMF still offer
currency rates for communist nation-states? As for colonialism, I hold the view
that it never truly ended and actually evolved into private sector colonialism
through IGOs such as the World Bank, IMF and WTO. It is possible that a
centralized unitary government may exist one day on the international stage, but
I would have to predict it to emerge out of the private sector if it ever
The world authority example is evident in the United Nations
hegemony of the UN Security Council. As the text book states, there is no
significant role for NGOs under the world authority because the dominant forces
are really not pressured by NGOs and will only utilize the information and
influence generated by NGOs if it does not conflict with the
economic-military-political interests of the most powerful nation-states, or if
that information can be used to justify occupation or regime removal which would
generate more revenue off natural resources. The UN has been able to work for
several decades now, but it is evident that members of the five-seat Security
Council are beginning to develop differing interests that they deem vital for
protection or enhancement, and our children could very possibly see the UN begin
to develop similarities to the League of Nations during their lifetime.
World Anarchy, or realism, is where I would expect the international
stage to return to, if not for globalization and the quickening consolidation of
world capital by international private sector blocks. At some point since WWII,
and more specifically since the Cold War, the shift in power has evolved from
nation-states to private capital. As things stand now, I predict a realist model
of individual pursuits by private sector (corporate states, if you can call them
that) similar to how nation-states competed after Westphalia.
Constitutionalism, with its examples of the EU and UN general assembly, are nice
illusions using examples of democratic voting by people or parliaments, but the
weight of the votes are stacked in most important international IGOs like the UN
and EU, or even more dangerous is the element of votes vulnerable to purchase by
private sector lobbyists (which can be found in domestic representative
democracies all the way up to international, parliamentary structured IGOs).
The future will be interesting.